Socioeconomic and gender analysis

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women in rice farming

A good understanding of farmers' livelihood strategies, and how various factors such as policy, infrastructure, and institutions influence changes in livelihood strategies, are essential in underpinning technology development.

Livelihood strategies evolve with economic and social changes. It is within these changes that the suitability of various interventions (technology and policy) in generating the desired impact is determined. Similarly, long-term observation and analyses of changes in institutions and social contexts of rice farming are needed as such changes are generally gradual and slow.

visiting the rice fields

IRRI’s and its partners’ work generate knowledge and information to promote rapid adoption and diffusion of improved technologies and cropping systems designed for the needs of poor farmers, both male and female; and for identifying institutional and policy options.

Data on household and farm characteristics, the resource base of households, labor use, income levels, farmers’ perceptions on technology needs, technology adoption patterns and constraints, and farm-level effects of technologies and management practices in rice-based cropping systems will be collected and analyzed. Such micro-level data will be disaggregated by gender for identifying the varying gender roles in ricebased farming systems and assessing the consequences of technologies and crop management and diversification options for women farmers.

The data generated will be geo-referenced and will be analyzed through various qualitative and quantitative tools to derive the required feedback for researchers, research managers, and policymakers.

IRRI and CGIAR advocate the inclusion of gender research in their scientific endeavors to distinguish the contributions of men and women in agricultural activities. They recognize the critical roles of gender in agricultural development and sustainability.

Mainstreaming gender concerns in the various themes will build on the success of the earlier experiences of IRRI’s Women in Rice Farming Systems (WIRFS) program and sustained leadership in promoting gender equality in IRRI, Participatory Research and Gender Analysis (PRGA) led by CIAT and the African Women in Agricultural Research and Development (AWARD) of the Gender and Diversity program of the CGIAR. Capacity enhancement for women researchers, extension and development workers will build on IRRI’s experiences in conducting a leadership course for Asian and African Women in research, development and extension. The focal points on gender in GRiSP will also work with other international and national agricultural research institutions with expertise on gender audit, gender mainstreaming and on strategic research on gender issues.


Thelma Paris, gender specialist in the  at IRRI, discusses gender and migration in the context of farming systems.



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