Jauhar Ali

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Jauhar Ali

Jauhar, a hybrid rice breeder, has significantly contributed to the development of and capacity-building for global agricultural research. He has developed and characterized eight thermo-sensitive genic male sterile (TGMS) rice lines, for which he was awarded the Jawaharlal Nehru Award for outstanding PhD thesis research work. This work led to the discovery of the genetics of the TGMS gene and to knowing that ‘tg’ genes (tms4, tms8) were unique and could be exploited. Using these materials led to the development of several TGMS-based hybrids involving different centers.

Currently, Jauhar has taken up two-line hybrid rice breeding at IRRI on a strong footing to deliver the two-line hybrid rice technology in Asia. In addition, he had been instrumental to the development of the Green Super Rice breeding technology at IRRI, being the project leader and regional coordinator of the Green Super Rice (GSR) Project in Asia and Eastern and Southern Africa. Through this innovative approach, he has developed and released 16 rice varieties in Asia and nominated nearly 45 GSR cultivars into national cooperative yield trials. He connects genomic resources and tools to breed superior, high-yielding, multiple-stress–tolerant rice varieties and hybrids. As lead and regional coordinator, Jauhar leads the development and targeting of improved rice materials through systematic testing, adaptive trials, and varietal release for eight countries in Asia and five in Eastern and Southern Africa. Thirty-six GSR inbreds and 22 hybrids have been released, whereas 104 are nominated for national yield trials. Jauhar has also established the IRRI-GSR breeding front in 2009 and produced more than 530 promising multiple-stress–tolerant materials shared with NARES partners, INGER, and MET. He has also provided training to more than 1,200 researchers, especially on hybrid rice technology, seed production, and molecular breeding.

EXPERTISE

  • Heterosis breeding
  • Genetics
  • Plant breeding
  • Molecular biology and biotechnology
  • Crop sciences
  • Agricultural statistics

EDUCATION

  • Genetics, minor in Plant Breeding and Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi, India (1990-1993)
  • Genetics, minor in Agricultural Statistics, Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi, India (1988-1990)
  • Agricultural Sciences, specializing in Crop Sciences, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, India (1983-1988)

WORK HISTORY

  • Senior Scientist II – Plant Breeder and IRRI GSR Project Leader and Regional Coordinator (Asia and ESA), IRRI, Philippines (2015-present)
  • Senior Scientist I – Plant Breeder and IRRI GSR Project Leader and Regional Coordinator (Asia), IRRI, Philippines (2012-2015)
  • Senior Scientist I – Regional Coordinator (Asia) for the Development of Green Super Rice, IRRI, Laguna, Philippines (2011-2012)
  • Scientist, Regional Coordinator (Asia) for Development of Green Super Rice, IRRI, Laguna, Philippines (2009-2011)
  • National Coordinator, Hybrid and Molecular Rice Breeding, Consultant (IRRI-Iran Project), Rice Research Institute of Iran, Rasht, Iran (2003-2009)
  • Project Scientist, Genome Mapping Laboratory, IRRI, Laguna, Philippines (2000-2003)
  • Assistant Professor, Department of Crop Improvement, AC&RI, TNAU, Trichy, India (1995-2000)
  • Research Fellow-1 (Postdoctoral Fellowship), Hybrid Rice, IRRI, Philippines (1994-1995)
  • Senior Research Associate, Rockefeller Rice Biotech Program, NRCPB, IARI, New Delhi, India (1993-1994)

AWARDS

  • Certificate of Appreciation from the Director General, PhilRice, Nueva Ecija during the RVIG/RTWG Annual Meeting on 28 April 2011
  • Plaque of honor from the Bangladesh Society of Agronomy, Dhaka, on 6 October 2010
  • Plaque of honor from the Vice President, Vietnam Academy of Agricultural Sciences (VAAS) on 27th September 2009 for organizing a training course
  • Tamil Nadu Young Scientist Fellowship Award, Tamil Nadu State Council of Science and Technology (1996-1997)
  • Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru Award, the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) for Outstanding Research Work on Crop Improvement (1994)
  • IARI Junior and Senior Fellowship (1988-1993)
  • Punjab Agricultural University Merit scholarship holder (1984-1988)

PROFESSIONAL SOCIETIES

  • Member of Crop Science Society of America
  • Member of the Society for the Advancement of Breeding Researches in Asia and Oceania
  • Life member of Rice Genetics Cooperative (RGC), IRRI, Philippines
  • Life member of Crop Science Society of the Philippines
  • Life member of Association of Rice Research Workers, Cuttack, India
  • Life member of Indian Society of Genetics & Plant Breeding, New Delhi, India

SELECTED PUBLICATIONS (SELECT)

  1. Ali J, Xu JL, Gao YM, Ma XF, Meng LJ, Wang Y, Pang YL, Guan YS, Xu MR, Revilleza JE, Franje NJ, Zhou SC, Li ZK. 2016. Harnessing the hidden genetic diversity for improving multiple abiotic stress tolerances in rice (Oryza sativa L.) J. Exp. Bot. (Accepted)
  2. Anandan A, Mahender A, Pradhan SK, Ali J. 2016. Population structure, diversity and trait association analysis in rice (Oryza sativa L.) germplasm for early seedling vigor (ESV) using trait linked SSR markers. PLOS One. http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0152406
  3. Yorobe Jr. JM, Ali J, Pede VO, Rejesus RM, Velarde OP, Wang H. 2016. Yield and income effects of rice varieties with tolerance of multiple abiotic stresses: the case of green super rice (GSR) and flooding in the Philippines. Agric. Econ. 47:1-17.
  4. Wang WS#, Fu BY#, Ali J#, Xu JL, Gao YM, Zheng TQ, Zhang F, Li ZK. 2015. Genome-wide responses to selection and genetic networks underlying submergence tolerance in rice (Oryza sativa L.). The Plant Genome. doi:10.3835/plantgenome2014.10.0066 (#Co-Equal First Authors).
  5. Zhang F, Huang LY, Zhang F, Hu DD, Wu WJ, Wang WS, Ali J, Vera Cruz C, Zhou YL, Li ZK. 2015. Interacting transcriptomes revealing molecular mechanisms underlying Xa39 mediated broad Spectrum resistance of rice to bacterial blight. The Plant Genome. Accepted paper, posted 06/23/2015. doi:10.3835/plantgenome2014.12.0094
  6. Zhang F, Huang LY, Zhang F, Ali J, Vera Cruz C, Zhuo DL, Du ZL, Li ZK, Zhou YL. 2015. Comparative transcriptome profiling of a rice line carrying Xa39 and its parents triggered by Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae provides novel insights into the broad-spectrum hypersensitive response. BMC Genomics 16:111 doi:10.1186/s12864-015-1329-3
  7. Jiang J, Yang D, Ali J*, Mou TM. 2015. Molecular marker-assisted pyramiding of broad-spectrum disease resistant genes, Pi2 and Xa23 into GZ63-4S, an elite thermo-sensitive genic male sterile line in rice. Mol. Breed. 35:83.
  8. Chauhan BS, Opeña J, Ali J*. 2015. 
Response of 10 elite “Green Super Rice” genotypes to weed infestation in aerobic rice systems. Plant Prod. Sci. 18(2):228-233.
  9. Marcaida III M, Li T, Angeles O, Evangelista GK, Fontanilla MA, Xu JL, Gao YM, Li ZK, Ali J*. 2014. Biomass accumulation and partitioning of newly developed Green Super Rice (GSR) cultivars under drought stress during the reproductive stage. Field Crops Res. 162:30-38.
  10. Li ZK*, Fu BY, Gao YM, Wang WS, Xu JL, Zhang F, Zhao XQ, Zheng TQ, Zhou YL (CAAS), Zhang GY*, Tai SS, Xu JB, Hu WS, Yang M, Niu YC, Wang M, Li YH, Bian LL, Han XL, Li J, Liu X, Wang B (BGI), McNally KL*, Naredo EMB, Mercado SMQ, Rellosa MC, Reaño RA, Capilit GLS, Guzman FCD, Ali J, Hamilton NRS, Mauleon RP, Alexandrov NN, Leung H (IRRI). 2014. The 3,000 rice genomes project. GigaScience 3:7 http://www.gigasciencejournal.com/content/pdf/2047-217X-3-7.pdf

 Jauhar AliJauhar Ali
Senior Scientist II – Plant Breeder
Project Leader and Regional Coordinator (Asia and East Southern Africa), Green Super Rice (GSR) Project

International Rice Research Institute
Los Baños, Laguna
Philippines


+63 2 580 5600
ext 2541