Farmer's primer on growing upland rice, A (Bikol)
Upland or dryland rice covers nearly 20 million hectares worldwide. It is usually grown by the most underprivileged rice farmers under adverse and risky conditions. Yields are low, averaging about 1 ton per hectare. Scientists and extension workers have demonstrated in many countries, however, that improved cropping systems and practices can be combined with higher-yielding varieties to achieve a stable 2 tons per hectare under various ecosystems.
But the dearth of literature on upland rice farming means that extension workers lack the background to guide farmers, who in turn lack the technical knowledge to use existing cultural practices efficiently to minimize cash inputs and maximize returns.